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Location: Holmes Observatory
(37.1039°N, 122.0513°W)
Time: 04:12:00

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)118.13497.112113.872138.03838.022
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.96911.27615.36316.99214.272
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5252.3793.2413.5853.011
Ecliptic latitude14°-36°35°
Declination25° 53'-8° 46'-57° 16'12° 15'-20° 29'
Right ascension5h 8m18h 51m20h 2m17h 14m19h 11m
Distance from Earth (AU)118.43097.230114.064137.76238.198
One-way light time (hours)16.4213.4815.8119.105.29
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.3-16.8-16.4-16.0-18.8
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19