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Location: Holmes Observatory
(37.1039°N, 122.0513°W)
Time: 16:09:02

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)120.81799.619117.250141.84741.194
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.95511.25615.34816.98214.146
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5222.3743.2383.5822.984
Ecliptic latitude14°-36°35°
Declination25° 54'-8° 44'-57° 42'12° 21'-20° 24'
Right ascension5h 9m18h 52m20h 3m17h 14m19h 13m
Distance from Earth (AU)121.47599.341117.110141.28240.966
One-way light time (hours)16.8413.7716.2319.585.68
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.3-16.7-16.4-15.9-18.6
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19