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Location: Holmes Observatory
(37.1039°N, 122.0513°W)
Time: 01:02:13

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)116.66595.738112.024135.95336.275
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.97711.28815.37116.99814.351
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5272.3813.2433.5863.027
Ecliptic latitude14°-36°35°
Declination25° 58'-8° 45'-57° 35'12° 18'-20° 47'
Right ascension5h 12m18h 47m19h 56m17h 11m18h 59m
Distance from Earth (AU)116.95395.111111.429135.76535.600
One-way light time (hours)16.2113.1815.4518.824.93
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.4-16.8-16.5-16.0-18.9
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19