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Location: Palo Alto
(37.4420°N, 122.1420°W)
Time: 08:01:27

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)115.86094.986111.012134.81135.315
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.98211.29415.37617.00114.397
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5282.3833.2443.5863.037
Ecliptic latitude14°-36°35°
Declination25° 53'-8° 41'-57° 10'12° 23'-20° 32'
Right ascension5h 8m18h 50m20h 1m17h 13m19h 9m
Distance from Earth (AU)116.65394.529110.718134.13934.888
One-way light time (hours)16.1713.1015.3518.594.84
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.4-16.8-16.5-16.1-19.0
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19