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Location: Chabot Space and Science Center
(37.8191°N, 122.1819°W)
Time: 06:08:42

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)113.98993.237108.663132.15833.074
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.99211.31015.38717.00914.515
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5302.3863.2463.5883.062
Ecliptic latitude14°-35°35°
Declination25° 57'-8° 40'-57° 16'12° 23'-20° 49'
Right ascension5h 11m18h 46m19h 56m17h 10m18h 57m
Distance from Earth (AU)114.61492.374107.896131.68632.170
One-way light time (hours)15.8912.8014.9618.254.46
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.4-16.9-16.5-16.1-19.1
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19