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Location: Fleischmann Planetarium and Science Center
(39.5456°N, 119.8190°W)
Time: 19:19:04

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)114.78093.977109.656133.27934.023
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.98811.30315.38217.00614.463
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5292.3843.2453.5873.051
Ecliptic latitude14°-36°35°
Declination25° 58'-8° 56'-56° 55'11° 58'-20° 54'
Right ascension5h 10m18h 46m19h 54m17h 11m18h 57m
Distance from Earth (AU)113.83094.724110.220134.07034.773
One-way light time (hours)15.7813.1315.2818.584.82
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.4-16.8-16.5-16.1-19.0
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19