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Location: Ladd Observatory
(41.8387°N, 71.3996°W)
Time: 12:20:39

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)112.41691.766106.689129.92731.178
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)12.00111.32315.39717.01614.627
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5322.3893.2483.5893.086
Ecliptic latitude14°-35°35°
Declination25° 57'-8° 56'-56° 29'11° 57'-20° 57'
Right ascension5h 8m18h 46m19h 54m17h 12m18h 56m
Distance from Earth (AU)111.44392.686107.434130.72032.119
One-way light time (hours)15.4512.8514.8918.124.45
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.4-16.9-16.6-16.1-19.2
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19