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Location: Cape Cod Imaging Station
(41.7417°N, 70.1583°W)
Time: 17:21:14

Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)121.244100.017117.787142.45241.696
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.95311.25315.34616.98114.128
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5222.3743.2373.5822.980
Ecliptic latitude14°-36°35°
Declination25° 56'-8° 40'-58° 3'12° 27'-20° 28'
Right ascension5h 11m18h 50m20h 2m17h 13m19h 10m
Distance from Earth (AU)122.24299.059117.021141.64440.723
One-way light time (hours)16.9413.7316.2219.635.64
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.3-16.7-16.3-15.9-18.6
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19