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Spacecraft escaping the Solar System

This page shows the current positions and other interesting data of the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories - our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.

View from 90° above ecliptic plane
View from 10° above ecliptic plane

Pioneer 10Pioneer 11Voyager 2Voyager 1New Horizons
Distance from Sun (AU)121.623100.372118.266142.99142.142
Speed relative to Sun (km/s)11.95111.25015.34416.97914.112
Speed relative to Sun (AU/year)2.5212.3733.2373.5822.977
Ecliptic latitude14°-36°35°
Declination25° 58'-8° 45'-58° 10'12° 21'-20° 36'
Right ascension5h 12m18h 49m19h 59m17h 12m19h 5m
Distance from Earth (AU)122.08499.613117.582142.65741.328
One-way light time (hours)16.9213.8116.3019.775.73
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude)-16.3-16.7-16.3-15.9-18.6
Spacecraft still functioning?nonoyesyesyes
Launch date1972-Mar-031973-Apr-061977-Aug-201977-Sep-052006-Jan-19